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Issue 44 - September 2014
Page visits:
Arran in August


This momentous month will see Scotland decide whether or not to become an independent country. Either way, the fact that we are putting such a decision to the test will leave us in a rather new situation, with enormous decisions to make about what to do next. Meanwhile, Arran continues to go about its own business and September, as always, is dominated by the increasingly wonderful McLellan Festival. Initially conceived to celebrate Robert McLellan, the poet and playwright who lived and worked both on and for the island, the festival has taken on a life of its own and is now an established part of Scotland's cultural life. The programme follows below, but first, in the run-up to a vital day in our history, three readers have sent responses to last week's plea for the No stance. But first, a treat to look forward to.

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Tonight’s brilliant concert

Lots of people on Arran can look back to the astonishing concert by the Rostov String Quartet at the Douglas Hotel, perhaps about twenty years ago. It was the first time we’d heard Russian musicians in all their phenomenal prowess, and since then, the connection has gone on. Lev Atlas, violin (and also lead viola with Scottish Opera and Head of Strings at the Conservatoire) will be at Whiting Bay Hall with Nigel Clark, the equally brilliant guitarist, playing and talking about music of every kind, from the Gypsy tradition of Russia and East Europe, Klezmer, jazz and just about everything you can imagine. Lev is wonderfully funny as well as totally on top of the game, and Nigel is one of the best guitarists in the world, joining Lev with a great richness of skill and sound. Tickets only £8 for this first concert in the McLellan week. They’re on tonight, September 1st, 7.30 at Whiting Bay Hall. Don’t miss them - these two are the most consummate artists on the bill. What’s more, if you play a guitar or stringed instrument, Lev and Nigel are running a workshop on the Tuesday morning, 2nd September, Arran High School 11:00am - 1:00pm. No charge for young people, donations welcomed from grown-ups but no fuss made. Grab this chance - it’s unique!


Readers respond on the Independence debate

from John Inglis

Douglas Hamilton obviously feels deeply his opposition to a “yes” vote and makes a whole range of assertions about Scottish history, Scots’ relations with England, the behaviour of people in the “yes” campaign, the economy and the EU but without supporting evidence. Not many Scots would dismiss their history with “why bother with this piece of ancient history ?” when the orthodox view of history is that we are shaped by it and that it forms part of our psyche. When Douglas uses the term “UK family” I quibble. The Second World War apart, the history of the Twentieth and Twenty- first century, Imperialism, General strike, the struggle for women’s suffrage, the pointless slaughter of World War 1, hunger marches, the Troubles in Ireland, the riots in the cities, the miners’ strike, the Poll Tax, the war in Iraqi, in Afghanistan, robbery of the mass of the population to pay off the banks and austerity for the majority does not bring the word “family” to mind unless a very dysfunctional one. In his frenzy of distaste for the “Yes” campaign he offers up the “Nazis”, surely a distasteful hyperbole?

I give little credence to doom-laden predictions about the economy and likewise to promises of huge economic success and Douglas should take note that the public sector provides services and facilities which had to be fought for over generations while, at the same time, supplying business to the private sector. Revulsion at windfarms may moderate when foreign sources of power are blighted by war or withheld by dictatorships who seek to blackmail us. In my opinion membership of the EU should not be critical to a”Yes” vote and nor should the issue of the shared currency. The economy is not a static entity and is determined by work, enterprise and decision making close to the workface. Like thousands of others in the “Yes” campaign who are not members of the SNP, Salmond is not central to our thinking. What a “YES” vote offers is the opportunity to elect a government of our choice not simply to continue as victims of a UK parliament which the Scots did not choose, whose three main parties are coalescing on the political right with implications for increased austerity and diminished public services including the NHS. Worse may be in the offing if the Mayor of London and his Bullingdon club colleagues win power, a scenario that very few in Scotland would welcome. I’d expect this referendum to register the largest percentage turnout ever because there is the possibility of change but a “no” vote would mean ‘more of the same’ with worse to come.

From Gerry Callan

Just a brief comment on Douglas Hamilton’s recent contribution. 90% of his caveat-filled tome appeared to have been lifted directly from the Better Together how-to-scare-the-horses manual. Douglas, even BT doesn’t believe most of this stuff, so don’t take it so seriously! Clearly carried away by his own rhetoric, Douglas then goes on to compare the Yes campaign to Nazi Germany. This would be laughable if it weren’t so downright offensive. The Yes campaign is the latest manifestation of a fiercely democratic 80-year-old movement to re-establish self-governance and political fairness in this country. Just because Scotland wants to grow up and join the rest of the world, that doesn’t mean we’re about to invade Poland!

From James Gourlay

Would we want to go back 800 years? Surely the point is for Scotland to move forward from our present position of being under London control and to look after our future for ourselves in a country where the people are sovereign.

We pay more tax per head, we have lots of oil, we have an abundance of hydro-power - are these not convincing economic cases?

A small independent country like Scotland wouldn’t have had the banking crisis precipitated by the Westminster government, which was under the control of the banks.


McLellan Festival 2014

Lev Atlas and Nigel Clark at Whiting Bay Hall on Monday 1st September, 7:30pm. Tickets £8. See above - and don't miss this!

Lev Atlas and Nigel Clark run Daytime Strings, a workshop for adults and young people, on Tuesday 2nd September at the High School, 11:00am - 1:00pm. Interested adults should contact Diana Hamilton on 01770 601 322 for details. Or just come!

Playing for Scotland, on Tuesday 2nd September at 7:30pm, at Altachorvie, Lamlash, £8.

This book-and-music event highlights Playing for Scotland, Robert McLellan’s complete volume of plays, commissioned by the Arran Theatre and Arts Trust and published earlier this year. It also features Sonsie Music, with Jo Nicholson, an enchanting clarinettist. For those who do not not know Altachorvie, it is along the Lamlash shore road, next turning left past the turn to the hospital.

Arran and Beyond, on Wednesday 3rd September at 8:00pm in Brodick Bar.

This cheerful evening features poets from Arran and from Lancaster, a connection resulting from last year’s festival. Entry is free.

The Opera Gala is at the Community Theatre on Friday 5th September at 7:30pm. £10

As its many devotees will know, this event features the extraordinary talents of students from the Royal Northern College of Music, many of whom are already beginning their careers as rising opera stars. A blend of both classical and show-biz items spans the whole range from musical theatre to the big numbers of classical opera.

Shell, a film directed by Scott Graham, is shown at Corrie Hall at 8:00pm on Saturday 6th September. (Corrie Film Club regulars, please note the change of date!) Entry free, but donations welcome.

Shell is about a girl who takes her name from the tiny petrol station she and her father run in the remote Scottish Highlands. Chloe Pirrie in the lead part is a fragile centre to a pair who somehow hold things together as the sparse passing traffic comes and goes, but remoteness and tension build to a dramatic climax.

Fauré Requiem, sung by Royal Northern College students and Arran choir members, is the final festival event, at 7:30pm on Sunday 7th September in the Community Theatre. £5.00. This marvellous work is probably the best-loved and most tuneful oratorio in the entire repertoire, with soaring tunes and glorious choruses. It is not very long, so the students will be offering other treats as well - a fitting end to a star-studded week.

Tickets for all events are available at the door, from the Book and Card Centre in Brodick or online from


And after the festival, we have the Scottish Tango Ensemble - bring your own bottle!

!The Arran Music Society begins its winter season with this exhilarating group, performing in Brodick Hall on Saturday, 20th September at 7:30pm. There are four players in the Scottish Tango Ensemble, Gemma O’Keefe, violin, Paul Chamberlain, accordion, Gregor Blamey, piano and Tim Berry, double bass, and they capture all the excitement and seductiveness of Argentine tango. It’s a surprisingly wide range, from traditional café music to the tango nuevo of Astor Piazzolla.

Because this is a very informal evening - in fact, you might want to get up and dance - the hall will be set out with tables and chairs and you are welcome to bring your own bottle. The Music Society doesn’t propose to make this a habit, but for an evening of Latin American enjoyment, it seemed a good idea.


The players (from left to right in the photo above) are all highly qualified professionals:

Gregor Blamey, piano, studied at the RSAMD and plays with the Highland Band of The Royal Regiment of Scotland as well as numerous professional companies, ensembles and soloists.

Tom Berry, double bass, moved to Glasgow from his native Manchester to study at the RSAMD and then at the Juilliard School in New York. He is now Principal Double Bass with Scottish Opera.

Gemma O’Keefe, violin, was born in Belfast, and studied French and Music at Trinity College Dublin before completing a Postgraduate Performers course at the Royal Academy of Music, London.  She has played with numerous orchestras around the UK and features of several albums, and currently plays for the Orchestra of Scottish Opera.

Paul Chamberlain, accordion, studied at the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland with Djordje Gajic, who is well known to Arran audiences. He has performed in Russia, Finland, France, Italy, Greece, Bahrain and the USA, and has been featured on BBC Radio 3′s ‘In Tune’ programme.

And as if all that were not enough, they are great fun with it.


Safe in their hands???

You will no doubt have seen that the latest battleground in the referendum is the NHS Scotland and the likely impact to it from the privatisation process currently being rolled out in England. If you value, in anyway, the NHS as it is currently configured and funded here in Scotland then I urge you to watch these 2 videos. The first is only 10mins and well worth a catch-up. The second is 1hr 15mins long it is the most worrying and scary update, from a Dr. Reynolds, in what is happening down south and how long this has been in the planning from successive Westminster Governments.

Remember, the reason we don't find out the real truth about this throughout the media is because they are part of the Establishment along with the Bankers and the Politicians in Westminster. Over 200 members of the House of Lords and Commons have direct links to Healthcare Cos....we, the people of the UK are being royally stitched up (forgive the pun).


Jan's Kitchen

Another delicious recipe from Jan Inglis.

Bere Meal Biscuits

4oz bere meal
4oz plain flour
4oz butter
4oz caster sugar
2tbs single cream
½ egg (beaten)

1oz icing sugar
1/2 flat teaspoon ground cinnamon

Sift the two flours into a mixing bowl and rub in the butter.
Mix in the sugar, bind the mixture to a stiff consistency with the beaten egg and cream.
Roll out thinly, prick with a fork and cut into round or fingers.
Place on greased paper on a greased baking sheet.
Bake at 160c for 12 minutes or so until pale golden.
Cool on a wire tray.
When cold, cover with a thin layer of icing. Use 1oz icing sugar and 1/2 flat teaspoon of cinnamon.

Makes 30 fingers (approx.)


A Horse for Every Man

Cicely Gill's play about Arran's part in the 1914-18 war opened the McLellan Festival with both skill and gravitas, and left a packed audience thoughtful and moved. Written as a series of short sketches, it used a static set with an evocative painting of trenches, poppies and an Arran background. Actors brought on their scant props with them and took them off again, so the effect was something like a slide show, and this in itself was strangely evocative.

With a mixture of young people and some star performances by Arran's most professional actors, many of whom doubled or trebled roles, the pieces connected very seamlessly, giving a picture of a community affected by the war and yet apart from it and continuing its own life. Sarah Cook as an authoritative Lady Mary Graham moved seamlessly from the grand aristocrat to the hospital nursing matron and Allan Nichol supplied a series of cameo parts that included Geordie the Telegraph, silent bringer of fatal telegrams. Stalwarts among Arran's young players turned in solid performances, often doubled, and much credit should go to Wallace Currie, Finlay Murchie, James Mutch, Ceilé Swinton Boyle, Robert Ingham, Mollie Hodkinson, Iona Flewitt and Eilidh Blair, among others.

Cicely has great talent as a comedy writer, with an unerring sense of comic timing, and the early days of the Arran Dramatic Society provided some very funny scenes. The darker side was harder to establish, but the play came to a sombre and thoughtful end as Angus Adamson played The Flowers of the Forest on the little Northumbrian pipes with their lovely, plaintive tone. As the audience slowly began to file out, everyone paused to scan the eighty names of the men killed, inscribed on a long banner silently held between two soldiers. As an older man in the audience said, 'They showed respect.'

Between older people, brought up by survivors of that terrible war, there were glances of an odd kind of personal understanding, for those who have been in a war have an understanding of it that is almost impossible to convey. But A Horse for Every Man had left nobody unmoved, and everyone concerned with its creation deserves congratulations and a respectful salute. Heather Gough's skilled production gave the piece great stablity, and Lorna Halliburton's linking passages of music on the accordion provided exactly the right setting, offering the old tunes as they were then, hopeful and brave in a situation that was to change the world.

Alison Prince


Another First for Arran - “Arran says Yes”

Over a hundred Arran residents have got together to explain why they will be voting ‘Yes’ in the independence referendum on September 18th. Originally a concept from Marvin Elliott of Corrie, the idea was developed by Yes Arran, leading to the production of an attractive leaflet, designed by Roslyn Green, of Brodick. The leaflet ‘Arran says Yes’ will be delivered to houses around the island by local volunteers this week.

The group endorses the Yes Scotland declaration, Scotland’s Future in Scotland’s Hands, saying:

“We believe that it is fundamentally better for us all if decisions about Scotland’s future are taken by the people who care most about Scotland, that is, by the people of Scotland.

There is no doubt that Scotland has great potential. We are blessed with talent, resources and creativity. We have the opportunity to make our nation a better place to live, for this and future generations. We can build a greener, fairer and more prosperous society that is stronger and more successful than it is today.

We want a Scotland that speaks with her own voice and makes her own unique contribution to the world: a Scotland that stands alongside the other nations on these isles, as an independent nation.”

Speaking for the group, Penny Brass said: “I’m English and proud of it but Scotland is now my home. My future and my family’s future is here. Sadly, Westminster has become remote. I want to live in a country that makes her own decisions, and is self-governing. Independence for Scotland is the right and only choice.”


Arran ‘Freedom Sculptures’

Visitors and residents alike cannot have failed to notice the appearance of the Big Yes signs around the island, as the independence referendum gets closer. Visibility has become an important element for Yes advocates, as they deliver the biggest grass-roots campaign Scotland has ever seen, without the benefit of fair access to mainstream media, nationally or locally. For years, North Ayrshire Council has encouraged use of our lamp posts for election posters. It’s a neat, tidy and safe way of stimulating public participation in the democratic process. This year, however, the Conservative and Labour groups at Irvine joined forces to reverse that policy. Any measure to try to close down the Independence debate! Something much more inspiring has emerged, however. The Arran Big Yes signs - clearly very much appreciated nationally judging by their exposure on social media – have been created locally, from donated or sponsored materials, involving convivial work by at least half a dozen wood workers and numerous painters, and all sited on the private property of Independence supporters. Have a drive round the island during September and enjoy the ‘Big Yes Trail’! And ask that important question: why is it that the grotesquely wealthy elite who own the newspapers and manipulate the news want us to vote ‘No’?


Conservation and Heritage in Planning

On Monday 22nd September, Arran Civic Trust has invited Stuart West to present a talk on Conservation and Heritage in Planning. Stuart is the manager of the Development and Marine Planning function at Orkney Islands Council, where he has lived for the past eight years. He studied archaeology at Manchester University and Architectural Conservation at Edinburgh College of Art. He was Orkney's Conservation and Heritage Planner prior to taking on his present role in 2012. He has worked in Planning for the past ten years and is presently the joint-chair of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site Management Board and the Chair of Heads of Planning Scotland Development Planning Committee. He oversees the cyclical production and review of the Orkney Local Development Plan.

Orkney has 19 inhabited isles, a population of 21,500 in 11,400 households; 622 listed buildings, 347 scheduled monuments and 6 existing conservation areas plus 1 World Heritage site. There is a huge legacy including WW1 and WW2 sites at Scapa Flow. Orkney has strong Parish settlement communities.

There is a settlement pattern and crofting pattern with traditional rural housing. In 2010 the Local Development Plan was updated with the production of the 2010 Proposed Plan and the policies regarding the housing in the countryside were revised. Local Lists of significant structures are currently being produced. The current policy means that buildings of historic merit are no longer eligible for 1:1 replacement. Supplementary Guidance has been introduced which defines historic merit in Orkney and includes the following types of buildings and structures:

  1. Vernacular
  2. Traditional construction – natural materials: stone, earth, clay, slate and timber. In 1830 steamers started to come bringing Caithness stone and Welsh slate
  3. Non traditional buildings and structures - mainly wartime
  4. Other buildings and structures on Historic Scotland’s own statutory lists

A CORE PRINCIPLE in the supplementary guidance is that the retention and preservation of buildings, which feature on Orkney local list, will be encouraged. This should avoid demolition of significant buildings. An example is illustrated below of before and after renovation, a project, which was also a recipient of a Council Heritage Grant.

! !

Prior to the 2010 review 1:1 replacement was allowed, so many local buildings had been replaced by kit houses etc, destroying the local character. This was raised as a concern by local community groups and societies and resulted in the change in policy.

Stuart will focus on how development planning has effectively preserved cultural heritage sites in Orkney, and will examine Orkney's rich cultural heritage, from the World Heritage Site down to the buildings and structures on the local list, and will demonstrate how planning policies and guidance have been utilised to ensure that these important assets are effectively protected for the enjoyment of future generations.

Stuart’s talk is at 7.30pm MONDAY 22nd SEPTEMBER at BRODICK HALL. Anyone interested is most welcome, and there will be coffee after the talk and questions.


McLellan Festival Joanna Nicholson: Altachorvie Tuesday 2nd September. 7.30

!“virtuoso” - Sound Festival website, October 2011
“enthralling” - The Herald, June 2011 
“quicksilver” - The Herald, August 2008
“superb” - The Scotsman, August 2007

Clarinettist Joanna Nicholson graduated from the Royal College of Music in 1992 as an Exhibition Scholar, and has since pursued a lively freelance career based in Scotland as a performer and educator.

She performs extensively with numerous major UK orchestras and ensembles, most regularly the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Royal Scottish National Orchestra, and Scottish Chamber Orchestra, as well as the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, the Ulster Orchestra, Red Note Ensemble and Daniel’s Beard.  As a concerto soloist, she has performed with the BBC SSO at London’s Albert Hall's famous Proms concerts, and with the BT Scottish Ensemble.  She regularly gives solo and chamber music concerts in classical style as well as contemporary, folk and world influenced music.

Joanna will be playing a range of lovely Scottish music on Tuesday 2nd September at Altachorvie at 7:30pm. On the same evening the new and important volume of Collected Works of Robert McLellan will be launched with readings by Eddie Stiven. An event not to be missed.


The Great Barrier Reef: Finding Nemo

The magical underwater landscape which is the Great Barrier Reef is truly one of the wonders of the world. The flight from Sydney to Cairns again emphasises the vastness of the country and that of the state of Queensland, stretching as it does from Brisbane in the south to the most northerly point of Australia, Cape York, a distance of 2069 Kilometres.

It is, of course, one of the top tourist destinations in Australia which, in itself, poses a problem as this is an area under threat as a result of global warming, pollution, over-fishing and mining. The State of Queensland and the central Australian Government is constantly working to safeguard this important environmental resource and part of that plan is to restrict where tourists may visit and even in these places it is forbidden to touch the coral.

Our visit to the land of Nemo was an inspiration and one of the greatest thrills of our lives.

The jumping off point was Port Douglas, not far from Cape Tribulation – a wild and lonely beach where in 1770 Captain Cook in HMS Endeavour ran aground and famously said, “Here began all my troubles.” What an extraordinary man he must have been.

For us the journey was very different aboard a tall masted catamaran in full sail, skimming over the sparkling Coral Sea towards an idyllic atoll of coconut palm, white sands and turquoise water. A small glass bottomed boat took us to shore where we were adorned in overall lycra suits to protect us from the “stingers”, pretty lethal little jelly fish whose sting can render you disabled or even dead!

After a short snorkelling lesson we began exploring the delights of this wonderful natural phenomenon seeing turtles, rainbow fish, clown fish (Nemo), small sharks, sea cucumbers, colourful coral of all shapes and sizes all the time observed by our ecologically aware tourist guides keeping watch that we avoided touching the coral and, of course, were not drowning!

Back to the boat for fizzy and sea food and then the heady return journey on that beautiful boat. A true delight of a day.


Quakers in wartime

In August Arran Quakers borrowed the travelling Exhibition created by the Quaker Service Memorial Trust. It consisted of twelve large banners each highlighting a different aspect of Quaker work in times of war and hardship.

We were able to display four of the panels in Brodick Library for three days and the whole complement in Lochranza Village Hall for a further three days. It was an excellent exhibition, well-presented and full of interest, making it very clear how proactive Quakers are and always have been in pursuit of peace and relief work in times of both war and peace.

Quakers believe that “there is that of God in every man”, and, however one interprets the word “God”, this leads us to renounce violence. This is known as The Peace Testimony and has led to Quakers working for peace all over the world. Many are trained in conflict resolution and there is a strong Quaker presence in Brussels, at The United Nations in New York and in most major trouble spots around the world. Quakers also sponsored the School of Peace Studies in Bradford University in 1972.

One Member of our Area Meeting, Bronwen Currie from Islay, has recently spent three months near Jerusalem as an Ecumenical Accompanier. These are people from different churches who train and then go out to live with a Palestinian family for six weeks and with an Israeli family for six weeks. They are placed in areas near borders and just accompany their families as observers as they go about their daily lives. Bronwen is coming to Arran to talk about her experiences on the 5th December in Brodick. We hope many of you will be interested and join us to hear her speak. The venue and time to be announced.


Bridge Challenge

East-West to defeat South’s contract of six spades. West leads.


The Wee Arran Art Shop opens

!Tucked between the Arran Banner office, and Footprints, the Wee Arran Art Shop aims to cater for Arran’s thriving arts community. Whether you’re looking for essential supplies – such as white titanium paint or putty erasers – or inspiration for your next project, they hope to be the one-stop-shop for artists’ needs on Arran.

It’s called the ‘Wee’ Arran Art Shop because it’s a rather cosy arrangement! At art school, Kelli Smith, owner of the new shop, often found herself tucked away working on a project whilst surrounded by arts materials - and this shop is no exception.

Aiming to cater for a wide spectrum of ability and interest, the shop is filled with high quality art materials for professionals and amateurs, as well as stocking some craft supplies such as DAS and Fimo modelling clays for younger artists. Kelli aims to keep a good supply from classic brands: Daler Rowney acrylic paint & pastels, Winsor and Newton oils, inks and watercolours, Derwent pencils, Coates charcoal and Progresso graphite as well as a range of brushes and media for a variety of techniques.

!It will also feature a number of newer products, such as the Inktense pencil range from Derwent, and Daler Rowney’s new mixed media paper which allows projects to be so much more flexible and experimental.

Kelli is keen to offer an excellent service to Arran’s artists, and to help local talent develop. So, will offer members of Arran Visual Arts, as well as local school pupils, a 10% discount on all products.

The shop may be small, but the product range is comprehensive. Anything which can't be found in the shop can be ordered from a supplier who can provide a fast service; so you won't be kept waiting too long.

You can email, phone or pop in for a chat. Find the shop in The Douglas Centre from 10am-5pm Monday-Thursday, visit the website at or on twitter @weearranartshop.


Print CrosswordCrossword

by Dave Payn



 1 Princess is feeling rather windy – how obnoxious! (10)

 8 Confused cavalier loses a keyboard (7)

 9 Tony’s musical love initially mumbles a song (5)

10 Some offal landed in dip (4)

11 Highbrow version of showy pianist? (8)

12 I will misunderstand passage (5)

15 Grubby? Sounds like a purchase from HMV! (5)

17 Without the means to drive around Edinburgh is irresponsible (8)

18 What to wear when painting? (4)

22 Directions for hearing curse (5)

23 Am a true convert to ham (7)

24 Base with neater edge, somehow (10)


 1 Faced up to weak coffee (5)

 2 Directions: afflict dawdler (5)

 3 Single French article on Information Technology (4)

 4 A frequent causer of hold ups on 18th century routes (6)

 5 Figures what injections are? (7)

 6 Batter if unknown – bless! (7)

 7 Downtown Edinburgh is cultured! (6)

12 Bill to curse violently on rat (7)

13 Meryl strangled Peters (6)

14 Directions: get drunk on lager and expand (7)

16 Directions: pace about to achieve freedom (6)

19 Are the Post Office to turn up to entertainment? (5)

20 Stiff sounding dessert (5)

21 Confusion from Monday to Sunday, one hears (4)


Answers for the August crossword

1 Trident, 5 Sue, 8 Expletive, 9 Saw, 10 Evict, 11 Go ahead, 12 Sidney, 14 Deacon, 17 Oregano, 19 Specs, 21 Doh,
22 Talkative, 23 Sec, 24 Preston.

1 Theme, 2 Implied, 3 Event, 4 Twinge, 5 Seepage, 6 Ensue, 7 Sweden, 12 Shoddy, 13 Elastic, 15 Chemist, 16 Roll up,
18 Ethos, 19 Shame, 20 Sheen.